ATTENTION ATA MEMBERS!

Oxford Gun Club is considering shooting an ATA Big 50 Program on Thursday evening.  Shooters must declare their intent to register these targets, before shooting.  We will be throwing 50 target events (singles, handicap or doubles) No more than 50 in any one discipline.  There will be an additional $1.50 in ATA fees.  Minimum of three shooter per discipline in any event.  Please let me know by April 27, 2018, email me at: Wegter@aol.com  if you are interested in this program. 

Oxford Gun Club has five trap fields.  Each field is equipped with Pat Traps and electronic call boxes that allow shooters to call for their own birds.  A variety of events are shot throughout the year including weekly practice and monthly practice and meat prize shoots.  A club Trap Championship is held yearly that includes a combination of 16 yard, handicap and doubles targets to determine the overall club trap champion.

Practice trap shooting every Thursday from 4 PM to 10 PM.
Members $6   Non-members $8  per round of 25 targets

Meat shoots every Thursday from 4 PM to 10 PM.
Member $7, Nonmember $9 per round of 25 targets.

Meat shoots 3rd Sunday of each month.

Trap Shooting
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Trapshooting is one of the three major disciplines of competitive clay pigeon shooting (shooting shotguns at clay targets). The other disciplines are skeet shooting and sporting clays. They are distinguished roughly as follows:

  • In trap shooting, the targets are launched from a single “house” or machine, generally away from the shooter.
  • In skeet shooting, targets are launched from two “houses” in somewhat “sideways” paths that intersect in front of the shooter.
  • Sporting claysincludes a more complex course, with many launch points.

There are variations within each group.

Trapshooting is practiced all over the world. Trapshooting variants include but are not limited to international varieties Olympic trap, also known as “International Trap”, “Bunker”, ISSF Trap. and “Trench”; Double trap also an Olympic event. Other non-Olympic include: Down-The-Line, also known as “DTL” and Nordic Trap. American Trap is the predominant version in the United States and Canada.

American Trap has two independent governing bodies. The Amateur Trapshooting Association (ATA)[1] sanctions events throughout the United States and Canada, as well as the Pacific International Trapshooting Association (PITA) which sanctions events on the West Coast of North America.

Trapshooting was originally developed, in part, to augment bird hunting and to provide a method of practice for bird hunters. Use of targets was introduced as a replacement for live pigeons. Indeed, one of the names for the targets used in shooting games is clay pigeons. The layout of a modern trapshooting field differs from that of a skeet field and/or a sporting clays course.

Trapshooting has been a sport since the late 18th century when real birds were used; usually the passenger pigeon, which was extremely abundant at the time. Birds were placed under hats or in traps which were then released. Artificial birds were introduced around the time of the American Civil War. Glass balls (Bogardus) and subsequently “clay” targets were introduced in the later 1800s,[2] gaining wide acceptance.

 

Arms and equipment

Trapshooting is typically shot with a 12 gauge shotgun. Smaller gauge firearms (e.g., 16, 20, 28 gauge) can be used, but no allowance is given. Trapshooting is shot at either single or double target presentations. This refers to the number of clay targets which are launched simultaneously.

Both general purpose shotguns and more specialized target-type shotguns are used in trapshooting. Examples of trap guns are single-barreled shotgun (such as the Browning BT-99, Perazzi MX-series, Krieghoff K-80, [Kolar] T/A) or a double barreled shotgun (such as the Beretta DT-10, Browning XT Trap, Beretta 682 Gold E and SKB’S). Shooters who shoot all sub-events will often buy a combination-set of a single and double barrel for shooting both singles and double targets respectively. Self-loading (semi-automatic shotguns) are popular for recreational shooting due to the lower perceived recoil and versatility because they can be used for singles, handicap, and doubles. Shotguns used in trapshooting can differ from field and skeet guns in several ways and normally are designed with a higher “point of impact” as the targets are intended to be shot as they rise.

Trapshooting shotguns can be adjustable. Stocks may have a “Monte Carlo” (fixed, raised “comb”) configuration and/or include a comb height adjustment, a butt plate adjustment for length, angle or both. Trap guns typically have longer barrels (750–850 mm, 30-34 inches), possibly with porting and featuring tighter chokes to compensate for the longer distances at which trapshooting targets are broken. The majority of trap shotguns built today feature interchangeable choke tubes as opposed to older guns which used chokes of a “fixed” constriction. Interchangeable choke tubes can come in a variety of constrictions and may use names such as “modified”, “improved modified” and “full”. Trap guns are built to withstand the demands and stress of constant and lengthy repeated use – hundreds of shots in a single day of events, whereas typical field guns are built to be lighter, carried afield and not shot in such quantity.

Common accessories include wearing a vest or pouch that will hold at least 25-50 cartridges or “shells” for singles and/or doubles events. Most ranges and clubs require eye and ear protection.

Shooting glasses may be something as simple as the eyeglasses or sunglasses one presently wears. Specialized shooting glasses “systems”, such as Pilla[3] typically have interchangeable colored lenses, are adjustable and designed for high impact resistance. A spectrum of different colored lenses are offered to compensate for light conditions as well as enhance the color of the target thrown while muting the color of the background. Adjustable glasses allow on-range changes for conditions – light, color, etc.

Hearing protection also comes in a variety of choice. Dense foam and electronics are used to reduce or attenuate sound levels. Typical hearing protection is either an “earmuff” (worn over the ear) or an “ear plug” (worn in the ear canal). Some shooters use both simultaneously to gain greater noise reduction (NRR). There are also “ear plugs” that are molded to the shape of your ear, and can be used for listening to music while shooting.

Trap machines and target launching methods

Trap shooting requires the use of a target throwing device(s). American Trap and DTL utilize a single trap machine which is typically enclosed within a traphouse, downrange from the shooters’ shooting positions. The house provides protection of the machine (e.g. from weather and errant shots) and also acts to obscure the machine’s oscillating throwing position. International or Olympic trap employs 15 trap machines housed within a large elongated traphouse which is recessed into the ground to form a “bunker” and/or resemble a trench. International or Olympic Trap may at times be referred to as Bunker Trap.

Modern automatic throwing machines can store hundreds of clay targets in a carousel and systematically self-load targets onto the throwing mechanism. Manual electric target throwers require a person in the traphouse with the trap machine, to set the target(s) by hand onto the machine arm. For both of these types, an electrical signal, from the push of a button or a sound activated device, causes the trap machine to throw its targets after the shooter calls for their bird(s).

Temporary or informal trapshooting can utilize other methods to launch targets. The simplest is a “hand thrower” which is a hand-held arm which holds and releases that target when a person swings it. Another type of manual, non-electrical thrower utilizes a spring-loaded mechanism which is cocked and subsequently released by hand or foot.

Ammunition

American Trap typically uses lead shot ammunition, with shot sizes (for lead shot) ranging between #7 ½ and #9 (2.0-2.4 mm). The major components of a shotshell are the “hull” (casing), “primer” (ignition device), “powder” (smokeless gunpowder), “wad” (shot cup and cushion), and “shot” (round pellets). The “shot” in a “shotshell” consists of 300-450 +/- small spheres. Shotshells are allowed a maximum payload weight of 1 18 oz (32 g) of shot. Velocity may vary, but is limited based upon shot mass: 1,290 feet per second (390 m/s) for 1 18 oz (32 g), 1,325 ft/s (404 m/s) for 1 oz (28 g), and 1,350 ft/s (410 m/s) for 78 oz (24 g). Maximum loads are generally only needed for longer “handicap” yardages or the second shot in Doubles Trap. When required at certain trap clubs or ranges, steel shot is used with slightly larger shot size. (e.g. #6 or #7).

Quality ammunition is readily available from a variety of manufacturers. The more recognizable names include Winchester, Remington, Federal, Fiocchi and Rio. Ammunition may be marketed as “premium” or other. Manufacturers price their ammunition accordingly.

Remington prices their STS/Nitro family higher than their Gun Club line of shells. Federal prices their Gold Medal and Federal Paper shells higher than their Top Gun or Estate lines. The quality of the hull construction, shot, powder and primer components impacts the price of shotshells.

Reloading or self-loading of ammunition is popular among a segment of trapshooters, due in part to the sheer quantity of ammunition used in trapshooting. Reloading can be economical. The ability to customize a shotshell “recipe” to one’s shooting, makes reloading attractive and adds another dimension to the enjoyment of shotgun shooting sports.

History

Trap shooting has been around since the 18th century. A publication known as “Sporting Magazine” states that by the year 1793, trap shooting was “well established” in England.[4][2] The first record of organized trap shooting in the United States is lilkely to have taken place at the Sportsman’s Club of CincinnatiOhio in 1831.[5][2] Originally, live birds were used as targets, released from under hats.[2] Glass balls came into use as targets in the 1860s and began to partially replace live birds, but are live targets are still used in some parts of the United States.[6][2] The glass ball targets were invented by Charles Portlock, of Boston. The glass balls were used by notable shooters like Annie OakleyDoc Carver, and Capt. A. H. Bogardus.[7] Most of the glass ball targets were made of colorless glass and had a diameter of 2½ inches. Some targets, were filled with colored powder to indicate a hit, and add visual effect. Also, for the shooters who like the live game sport, they would fill the inside of the targets with feathers.[8]

When Bogardus took up glass ball and clay pigeon shooting in 1868, and went on to win many championships. Bogardus, was well known as one of the most successful trap shooters in the early years of the sport. In the spring of 1883 he would be defeated by a competitive shooter named Doc Carver. Doc Carver idolized Bogardus, and all the other renown shooters. He attempted to attract the great Bogardus, but it wasn’t until six years later, when the two legends finally came together for a match, the winner wouldn’t be the more veteran Capt. Bogardus, it would be Doc.Carver. Carver had won 19 out of 25 matches. In most of those matches they were using Ligowsky targets.[7]

In 1880 “Clay” birds (disks) were invented by a man named Fred Kimble, but George Ligowsky takes the credit for the invention.[2] The Ligowsky target was used widely in the early trapshooting community, as a replacement for the glass ball targets. The downside of the Ligowsky targets were that they were too hard to break when hit. Fred Kimble made a more breakable target, unlike the Ligowsky target, which was made of hard baked clay, the Kimble target was made of coal-tar, pitch and other ingredients to make it more breakable.[7]

This is one of the modern automatic trap machines

There were many different types of target throwers or also known as a “trap,” like one made by Bogardus, which was made to throw glass targets. This trap was able to throw the targets from 28 to 35 yards. It was operated by a person behind the shooter, who pulled a string and released an elastic spring resulting in the target to be launched. The first automatic trap machine (to launch clay targets) was used in 1909.[2] Following the invention of the automatic trap machines, doubles trap was introduced. It was a big success in the competition community. In the 1912 Olympics, Jay Graham became the first American to win the gold medal in doubles trap.[7][8]

Three years later, in 1915 the American Amateur Trapshooting Association (AATA) was formed with John Philip Sousa as president. This organization was the first organized and run by amateurs. When the AATA was disbanded in 1919, it was absorbed by an organization called the American Trapshooting Association. In 1923 the American Trapshooting Association was renamed Amateur Trapshooting Association, and the same organization is still active today.[8][7]